Florida Constitutional Ballot Amendments

In order for an amendment to pass, at least 60% of the vote is needed.

Click each button below to learn more about each Amendment on the ballot.

In the News

Orange County Charter Amendments

There are three proposed amendments to the Orange County Charter on the ballot this year. They are on the very last page of the ballot. Each proposed amendment needs at least 50 percent voter support to change the charter.

View the Orange County 2020 Charter Commission Review Final Report here

Prohibiting Pollution of the Wekiva River, Econlockhatchee River and all other waters of Orange County

Amending the charter by providing charter protections for the natural rights of the Wekiva and Econlockhatchee Rivers and all other Waters of Orange County by prohibiting pollution, providing a definition of Waters, providing a private right of action and standing for citizens of Orange County to enforce these protections against governmental agencies, non-natural persons or corporate entities that intentionally or negligently pollute the Waters, and providing for severability and exceptions.

Comptroller’s Office Financial Impact: Indeterminate Fiscal Impact.

  • YES vote = You support Orange County citizens’ right to clean water, the right of bodies of water to exist and maintain a healthy ecosystem, and citizens’ right to sue to protect Orange County waterways.
  • NO vote = You oppose prohibiting pollution in Orange Counties waterways. You may believe that this charter amendment may slow growth and development in Orange County and negatively impact the economy.


Protecting Split Oak Forest by Restricting Board of County Commissioners’ Amendment of Restrictions and Covenants

Amending the charter by providing charter protections for Split Oak Forest by restricting the Board of County Commissioners’ ability to amend, modify, or revoke the current restrictions and covenants running with the land, which limit the use of Split Oak Forest, in whole or in part, to conservation and the protection of its wildlife, vegetation, and environment as set forth in current agreements and restrictive covenants; and providing exceptions as provided by law. 

Comptroller’s Office Financial Impact: Indeterminate Fiscal Impact.

  • YES vote = You support protecting Split Oak Forest from development and restricting the Orange County Board of County Commissioners from changing the current covenants that protect this conservation land.
  • NO vote = You oppose keeping current covenants in place that protect Split Oak Forest. You are in favor of allowing Orange Counting Commissioners to change or dispose of conservation land to allow development and build roads through Split Oak Forest.



Suspending time for Gathering Petition Signatures during Mandatory Reviews and Setting Deadline for 1% Notification

Shall the charter be amended by suspending the one hundred eighty (180) day time period for gathering signatures during mandatory reviews and procedures specified under Sec. 602.E. of the Charter and setting a ten (10) day deadline for the Supervisor of Elections to provide the 1% notification to the County Commission, the Comptroller and Legal Review Panel under Sec. 602.E.(1) of the Charter?

Comptroller’s Office Financial Impact: No financial impact.


Residents will have more time to gather support to propose an amendment to the county charter.

Currently, petitioners have 180 days from when the Supervisor of Elections certifies the initial requirement to gather the required signatures (10 percent of the county’s registered voters in each commission district). After the initial requirement, legal and financial teams must review the request. The 180 days continues to run during this review, meaning if the review takes 20 days, that is 20 days the petitioners is not able to be collecting signatures. And the the existing charter requires that at least 75 percent of the total signatures you get have to come after the financial impact statement, so the petitioner is at a disadvantage if the review takes an extended period of time.

If the current ballot question passes, that 180 day clock would pause during the review period.

  • YES vote = You support adjusting the 2016 charter amendment that would allow for the pausing of the 180-day clock allowed for citizens to gather signatures for citizen-led initiatives while government agencies do mandatory reviews, during which time petition gathering is not allowed.
  • NO vote = You oppose adjusting the 2016 charter amendment that would allow for the pausing of the 180-day clock allowed for citizens to gather signatures for citizen-led initiatives while government agencies do mandatory reviews, during which time petition gathering is not allowed. By voting “NO,” the 180-day clock would continue running during the timeframe when government agencies conducted reviews, despite the collection of signatures being halted during this time.



Florida Supreme Court

The Florida Supreme Court is made up of seven Justices who review decisions of lower courts. At least five Justices must be on a panel for a case to be reviewed and at least four must agree on the final ruling. If a person is not happy with a ruling decided by the Florida Supreme court, they can request that the U.S. Supreme Court review the decision. More often than not, the requests are denied.

The Florida Supreme Court has the option to turn down requests for review. However, it must review certain rulings, including orders imposing death sentences, decisions declaring a State statute or part of the Florida Constitution invalid, bond validations, and certain orders relating to utility rates and services.

Florida State Supreme Court Justices are selected using the assisted appointment method. In this method, the Florida Supreme Court Judicial Nominating Commission recommends three to six candidates and the Florida Governor chooses from that list. The appointment of a justice must be confirmed by a retention vote in the next general election at least one year after taking office. Justices serve six-year terms.

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Orange-Osceola County State Attorney - Circuit 9

The State’s Attorney (AKA prosecutor) represents the people (“the state”) in criminal and civil legal matters.

State’s Attorneys and their teams work with various state and federal law enforcement agencies to prosecute those accused of committing crimes. The State’s Attorney Office functions as an independent law enforcement agency.

The State’s Attorney for the Ninth Judicial Circuit serve Orange and Osceola Counties.

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Orange County Public Schools (OCPS) School Board - District 4

There are eight members that make up the Orange County School Board. Seven are elected from the single district which they represent, where each must reside in that district; and one is elected county wide and serves as the chairman of the school board. Members are elected for four-year terms. Four are elected at the time of the presidential election, and four, including the chairman, at the time of the gubernatorial election.

School board members have authority only when the board meets in official session and a quorum is present. The board is responsible for setting policy and meeting requirements set by the Florida Legislature and State Board of Education Rules. 

All school board meetings, work sessions and committee meetings are open to the public in accordance with the Sunshine Law except for Executive Sessions. The board, the superintendent, the school board attorney and appropriate staff members may meet to discuss bargaining agreements. The superintendent is appointed by the school board and has administrative authority for the direction and operation of the school system under policies adopted by the school board. (Source: https://www.ocps.net/)

In the News

Orange County Soil & Water Conservation District Races

The Orange County Soil & Water Conservation District board consists of 5 elected non-partisan supervisors who conduct studies, surveys, and research relating to soil and water, as well as projects for conservation, protection, and restoration of soil and water sources. 

The board provides information and recommendations for best management practices to conserve and protect natural resources to private land users and water consumers. The supervisors are non-salaried, public officials and are elected for four-year terms.

The Orange County Soil & Water Conservation District is a subdivision of the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumers Services. The Soil & Water Conservation District is not funded by any tax dollars and relies solely on donations for financial support.

Orange County Soil and Water Conservation Supervisor District 1 Candidates

Florida 5th District Court of Appeal Retention Elections

Florida District Court Map

The Florida Fifth District Court of Appeal is one of five intermediate appellate courts for the State of Florida. The court decides appeals from any of the district courts that are in its Federal Judicial Circuit, as well as final actions by certain state agencies. Decisions of the federal appeals courts can, in turn, be appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States.

The Fifth District handles cases from the following counties and circuit courts: Orange and Osceola (Ninth Circuit); Volusia, Flagler, Putnam and St. Johns (Seventh Circuit); Lake, Marion, Sumter, Citrus and Hernando (Fifth Circuit); and Brevard and Seminole (18th Circuit).

The District Courts of Appeal judges are nominated by the state’s judicial nominating commission and then appointed by the governor. They serve six-year terms and are re-elected through a retention election where voters choose whether the judge should or should not keep their position for another term. (Judges serve for at least one year before facing a retention election at the first general election following appointment – this is the case for Judge Meredith Sasso in the Florida 5th District Court.) 

If a majority of votes (at least 50%) are in favor of a particular judge, that judge will be retained to a new term.

Florida 5th District Court of Appeal (Kerry Evander's seat)

Florida 5th District Court of Appeal (John M. Harris' seat)

Florida 5th District Court of Appeal (Richard Orfinger's seat)

Florida 5th District Court of Appeal (Meredith Sasso's seat)

Florida 5th District Court of Appeal (F. Rand Wallis' seat)